With the rollout of the Rioxx V3 metadata schema, repositories can benefit from far richer metadata for their articles. Since the release of the updated schema, The University of Cambridge has been working to develop an implementation of a RIOXX v3 OAI-PMH endpoint for DSpace-based repositories which will greatly simplify the adoption of this metadata schema. The Cambridge team submitted their code to DSpace for review and this has now been approved and will be released in May 2024 meaning every institution using DSpace can benefit from this important development.
CORE is a part of The Knowledge Media Institute (KMi) here at The Open University. As part of the Turing Institute’s AI UK Fringe event series, Professor Petr Knoth and Dr David Pride from CORE are working together with Professor Enrico Motta and Dr Angelo Salatino from KMi and Dr Aldo Lipani from UCL to organise the “AI for the Research Ecosystem” (AI4RE) workshop which will highlight the rapid evolution of AI and its significant impact on the entire research process.
Technologies like deep learning and large language models are poised to transform various stages of research, including study design, literature reviews, code design, data collection and analysis, dissemination, peer review, and research assessment. The workshop aims to provide insights from expert speakers across the research spectrum, involving researchers, institutions, policymakers, funders, and commercial entities. The event serves as a catalyst for addressing fundamental questions about the implications of AI developments for the research community, emphasizing the need for responsible and ethical AI design and usage. Additionally, the workshop aims to explore how stakeholders can best organize and democratize these AI technologies for the benefit of the research ecosystem.
Professor Petr Knoth, founder and team lead for CORE was recently invited to participate in a workshop entitled ‘Building an Open Science Monitoring Framework with open technologies’ hosted by UNESCO at their Paris headquarters.
With many public and funder policies now mandating Open Access deposit of funded research, the need for tracking and measuring the impact of these policies becomes more pressing. This international workshop brought together more than 50 experts from research organisations, universities, nonprofits and national agencies to discuss how open technologies can best help in this effort and work towards monitoring the progress of open science itself.
CORE’s unique position with a global view of all open repositories enables us to work closely with its member organisations to develop and deliver tools that benefit repositories and repository managers. CORE recently introduced the new CORE Dashboard Versions and Duplicates module which provides a simple interface for identifying versions and duplicates in a repository. The system identifies different versions of articles and enables side-by-side reviewing. The different versions can then be marked using the widely used NISO Journal Article Versions (JAV) taxonomy. You can read a full overview of the new module in this recent blog post.
For a data provider, being indexed by CORE is a straightforward process as indexing is done via OAI-PMH which is a standard protocol for repository interoperability. Most common repository platforms such as EPrints, DSpace or Open Journal Systems (OJS) support OAI-PMH. There are however several additional stages that can be undertaken to ensure the repository is best configured to enable CORE to index the repository’s content to maximum effect.
In an ongoing effort to help our Data Providers, CORE has introduced a detailed new guide that provides a wealth of information for repository managers and others. The new guide covers everything including how the repository should be configured for OAI-PMH. It is, sadly, a fairly common problem that the OAI-PMH endpoint of a repository is misconfigured or not functional. This can occur even when other functionalities of the repository appear to be working without issues. This has a huge impact on how visible the repository is to the outside world, and subsequent ramifications for the discoverability of its content.
In November, there was a whole-day workshop held at the headquarters of United Kingdom Research and Innovation (UKRI) in London on the topic of article-level persistent identifiers (PIDs) in the context of the UKRI OA Policy. There were representatives from HEIs, UKRI, and scholarly services providers, including Crossref and Cosector (host repositories). Professor Petr Knoth, together with Dr George Macgregor from the University of Glasgow, gave a presentation on the use of article-level identifiers in repositories.
The whole CORE team were delighted last week when our very own Suchetha Nambanoor-Kunnath successfully defended her PhD thesis, titled: “Language Models for Citation Classification”. Her PhD topic focused on large language models for citation classification and how this can impact several areas including research evaluation, literature discovery and summary generation.
Suchetha’s panel was chaired by Prof. Bart Rienties, while Professors Enrico Motto, from KMi, and Silvio Peroni, from the University of Bologna, were her two examiners. Prof. Silvio Peroni commented that he was particularly impressed with the literature review, which was published as a stand-alone piece of work in the Journal of Qualitative Scientific Studies this past December.
CORE has been working closely with our member institutions to co-create the design and functionality for a new module that can assist with the discovery and management of authors’ Rights Retention statements for published works.
A Rights Retention Statement is a declaration by an author that they retain certain copyright rights to their scholarly work, even when they sign a publication agreement with a journal publisher. This statement is often used to ensure that authors can comply with open access mandates from funding agencies, such as those under Plan S, which require that the research they fund be made freely available to the public. Under Plan S, the Rights Retention strategy is a significant aspect because it aims to ensure that authors retain copyright on their articles, even when they publish in subscription journals.
An interoperable and well-functioning network of repositories is an essential component of US national research infrastructure and will play a crucial role in creating a more open and equitable global scholarly communications system. With the advent of the recent OSTP Memorandum requiring Ensuring Free, Immediate, and Equitable Access to Federally Funded Research, there is a need to help repositories identify tools and practices to ensure that they can become an effective compliance option for this policy
The UKCoRR Members’ Day took place on November 13th and, at very short notice, was held online due to the ongoing technical problems currently being experienced by The British Library, who were the original hosts for the day long event.
Our panel session, entitled “CORE, repositories and supporting UKRI OA Policy” saw substantial participation with more than 120 people from U.K. HEIs in attendance. The session opened with a presentation from Professor Petr Knoth, Head of CORE. This presentation detailed CORE’s recent advancements and developments planned for the coming months, with the focus on how the tools and services being built by CORE can best serve the repository communities’ needs, with particular regard to the UKRI’s Open Access policy.